Author Archives: Burell Built Exteriors

Is it cheaper to get a metal roof or shingles?

Shingles asphalt roofing with skylights

Metal Roofing vs Shingle Roofing

Metal roofing is becoming more common on residential structures ever year. What all does metal roofing offer that has made it so popular? Well, there are few reasons, but they are powerful reasons, especially when we compare them to asphalt shingles, which are still the most common and popular roofing material. 

  • Metal roofing offers supreme durability – chances are you will never need to worry with roofing again. 
  • Metal roofing is eco-friendly – when it is replaced, the metal can be recycled and the new metal going on a roof is mostly recycled metal already. Minimizing what goes in the landfills! 
  • Metal roofing is energy efficient – while this is an expensive roofing material, you’ll recoup your cost with the cooling and heating savings. Even in hot climates, metal roofing is energy efficient as it reflects the solar radiant heat, saving as much as 25% on cooling costs. 
  • Metal roofing is stylish – by today’s architecture design trends, you can choose metal roofing looks like shingles or several other options to offer to provide a home with a style.

Should you put a metal roof over shingles?

Metal roofing is lightweight, so installing it over shingles shouldn’t pose a structure to weight ratio problem, meaning, you can install metal roofing over asphalt shingles. However, this doesn’t take into consideration the different local building codes. Metal roofing contractors will check local building codes to see if there is such restriction and quote you accordingly. 

Additionally, the metal roofing contractor you choose to work with will inspect the current roof, including the decking and rafters. If they feel they won’t support two roofs, they will advise you if they believe this could create a problem. Why would installing metal roofing over asphalt roofing be an issue? A single residential structure may not be engineered to hold the weight of two roofs, which is what this would end up being. 

Another factor that can determine if the current asphalt shingle roofing should be removed first would be having metal roofing with insulation installed. The insulation is going to add weight to the metal roofing panels and the roof structure. To have a roof that is durable, strong, and the insulation to provide the best performance, a contractor will likely recommend that the old roof come off first. 

Does metal roof need plywood?

Yes, every roof, including metal roofing, should have an underlayment, and in some municipalities, it is required for building code purposes. Homes that have been built with roof joists and sheathing, then underlayment should be installed first. 

One exception: Metal roofing installed over asphalt shingles does not require a plywood decking. However, contraction and expansion of the asphalt shingles can damage the metal over time. This is why some roofing metal roofing contractors and metal roofing manufacturers  require plywood and underlayment. While it does make metal roofing more expensive, it also will provide a long life span for the metal roofing. 

How do you stop condensation on a metal roof?

Traditionally, condensation on metal roofing is managed by having it insulated. Vinyl-backed fiberglass insulation will keep the metal roofing from reaching the dew point that creates condensation by preventing humid air contacting the cooler metal roof. 

Do you need a ridge vent with a metal roof?

If you are going to have metal roofing installed correctly, then, yes, it needs to have proper ventilation installed, aka, a ridge vent. A permeable material is used in manufacturing a ridge vent and when installed in metal roofing, it allows damp, stale, warm air to flow from the attic year round. This minimizes the moisture in the attic and balances the temperature. When correctly installed, a ridge vent lowers energy costs while increasing energy efficiency.

metal roofing  roof with shingles

Is metal roofing better than asphalt shingles? 

Asphalt shingles a cost-effective, reliable roofing material that has been used on homes for years. A popular roofing material that is has it perks, but with metal roofing coming in behind it quickly, you have to ask yourself, which is the better choice?  

  • While shingle roofs are the traditional roofing material and look like slate, tile, or wood shakes. Get them with scalloped edges or terra cotta look and in almost any color you can want. 
  • Metal roofing is no longer those corrugated tin panels on a barn. They come in aluminum, copper, galvanized metals, and zinc. They can be made to look other types of roofing materials, including shingles, and come a wide choice of colors and finishes now. 
  • Metal roofing tends to be more durable, withstanding high winds and hailstorms. They can be dented by tree branches, but with a 50 year warranty, you’ll get up to 70 years lifespan.
  • Asphalt shingles have other weaknesses which gives them a shorter lifespan. They easily succumb to algae and fungus growth, ice dams, and temperature spikes. With a maximum 30 year warranty, you could get 20 year lifespan. 
  • Asphalt shingle roofs are less expensive up front with an average cost of $100 per square foot where metal roofing can cost up to $900 per square foot. These prices are wide ranging and can vary from area to areas and size of the home. The cost of metal roofing is recouped later with lower insurance rates and better energy efficiency.  
  • Metal roofing is eco-friendly by being made from recycled material and ten can be recycled if and when it is removed. Asphalt shingles are not sustainable and contribute as much as 20 billion pounds to our landfills. Asphalt shingles are made from petroleum, depending on fossil fuels for manufacturing.
  • Asphalt shingle roofing is easier to install and repair, metal roofing requires a contractor with specific set of skills. 

Whether you go with asphalt shingle roofing or metal roofing will depend on your budget first, then your home’s architecture style. If you’re plans are to stay in you house for 20 years, you’ll recoup your  metal roofing expense. If you’re planning on 10 years or less, asphalt roofing would be the better option. Call 865-238-2628 today for your roofing needs in Knoxville and Chattanooga, TN.

How Important Is Roof Insulation?

roof insulation pile for installation

Keeping your property safe and cozy

Winter is about to hit these mountains in Tennessee any day now, is your house ready to keep you warm and cozy?  Firewood chopped and ready, HVAC system checked out, supplies for hot chocolate, and roof insulation installed? Whoa, what about roof insulation?  What is roof insulation

Roofing insulation is out of sight, so it is out of mind and doesn’t get much thought or respect., but roof insulation has a purpose.  It reduces the overall heat that transfers coefficient by adding low thermal conductivity materials.  Roof insulation provides thermal comfort for your family in the winter and summer by reducing  heat loss in the winter and unwanted heat gain in the summer. Roof insulation decreases the energy demands to heat and cool your home, making your HVAC system last longer by working less. 

What is the difference between Roof insulation vs attic insulation? It can be confusing to know  the differences between attic insulation and roof insulation if you’re not in the business of insulation. Both keep your home insulated against that cold Tennessee weather while reducing your heating costs. So, what is the difference, don’t they do the same thing?  The main difference between the two is where they are installed. 

  • Attic insulation= the ceiling plane
  • Roof insulation = the roof slope, above and below the ceiling rafters 

The installation of attic insulation is the biggest money save initially because it is the first layer of defense between the temperature in your home and the outdoor temperature. So, should I insulate between roof rafters?  To clarify the difference of the boards running through your attic: The boards on the attic floor are “joists” and the boards on the underside of the roof are “rafters”. 

The object of having your home insulated is to make it as comfortable as possible all year long and save on energy cost as much as possible, right? So, you need protect as much volume of your home as you can, meaning the part you want heated. So, the smaller the volume, the less energy is used and the warmer the area. 

  • If you aren’t planning on using the attic for anything more than the storage of holiday decorations and baby books, then there isn’t any need to keep it heated, and only the attic floor, the “joists” need to be insulated.  
  • If you are going to make a useable room out of your attic, then insulate the attic roof, the “rafters” on the pitched roof.
  • The best solution is insulating both the joists and rafters. This will keep heat from escaping the rooms below but keep the attic room comfortable too. 

Should a roof be insulated? 

Insulating the roof space in the attic helps to retain energy inside your home and save you money. It can prevent long term moisture damage and ice damming because of warm air escaping through the apex and heating up the snow. Roof insulation also provides sound proofing on the uppermost area of your home. 

fully insulated attic and roof space

What is the best insulation for roofs?

There are five types of roof insulation, each having pros and cons. The main value is the capacity of insulation for heat resistance, or thermal resistance. This is usually measured by R-value, the higher the value, the better the insulation.

  • Loose-Fill:  One of the most common insulation and is installed into wall cavities for a retro-fit any wall that lacks insulation. It is also blown into attic spaces that are unfinished and is made from cellulose or fiberglass with R-value between R2 and R4. The Pros: relatively inexpensive and easy install. The cons: settles over time which lessens its R-value and vapor barrier is required to absorb moisture. 
  • Batt and Roll: A the other popular type of insulation is a fiber, prefab blanked rolled material with foil or paper pressed on one side. Good to use on long expansions like attic floors and fits between the rafters. Comes in R-Value from R3 to R3.5. The Pros: Easy to install, inexpensive, and doesn’t settle over time.  The Cons: Can irritate the skin, so dressing correct to install is required. 
  • Spray Foam: Like the loose-fill described earlier but comes in a liquid that turns to foam when applied. Comes in two types, open-cell, and closed-cell. R-value open cell is rated at 3.5 per inch and closed-cell is R6 t and R6.5. The Pros: Has the greatest R-value of all insulation materials and covers all areas better. The Cons: DIY insulation not recommended because of the possible mess it creates.  Can be expensive and unsightly when completed. 
  • Radiant Barrier: This is typically used with other insulation materials and is installed under the roof’s interior for reflective purposes. The R-values are applicable or negligible. The Pros: Great for warm climates with higher temperatures and is easy enough to install for DIY. The Cons; The R-value. 
  • Rigid Foam Board: To be used above decking and comes in three types: bare foam, one-sided sheathing, or double-sided sheathing. It is made from various synthetic polymer family and has R-Value from R3.8 to R8.0. The Pros: R-value is excellent and provides soundproof quality. The Cons: This is a waterproof barrier that traps moisture if the roof isn’t vented. 

Is it better to insulate ceiling or roof?

Nobody will argue that insulation is needed to keep a home comfortable and utilities down, but if you can only afford to insulate the attic floor or attic roof, which one is the better option? The ceiling is the best choice for the following reasons:

  • Keeping temperature regulated in living space 
  • Prevent heat lost, saves on energy bills
  • Moisture prevention in attic
  • Easier to install, especially in older homes

What thickness should roof insulation be?

Roof insulation options depend on the roof type: Dormer, Flat, or Pitched. For blanket insulation, 250mm to 270mm is recommended. If there is already insulation but looks older, check the depth and add accordingly. 

The batt roll insulation, radiant barrier, or rigid board insulation are fairly easy as a DIY job. You can find videos online on how to install roof insulation with those products.  The loose-fill or spray foam insulation is better left to professionals. Need professional roof insulation help in Knoxville and Chattanooga, TN? Call 865-238-2628 today.

What is the most eco friendly roofing material?

single ply roofing

Updating Your Roof for the Better

The world is all about being green, going green, everything as eco-friendly as possible. From the sky to the below the ground and everything in between, including environmentally friendly for roofing, aka ecofriendly roofing. What exactly is eco friendly roofing though? 

Eco friendly roofing in some respects is flat roof that have gardens planted on them. Those are the roofing systems that are helping the island heat effect as well as help with the cooling and heating of the building’s interior. 

In our piece today though, we’re going to discuss other roofing materials that are considered eco-friendly eco friendly roofing. From the type of material used to the color, which is the most eco-friendly for flat or low slope roofing. 

What is the coolest roofing material?

When considering the commercial and industrial sectors, no two buildings are exactly the same, therefore, there are different types of cool roofs. Each type of building will have a different cool roof designed to suit the design and structure, using different techniques for a flat or low-slope roof than what a pitched or steep-slope roof would have.

A flat or low-sloped roof will have an extremely flat roof line  with a thin incline for draining purposes.  These types of roofs are typically on commercial, industrial, and institutional structure and with their large flat area, makes them the perfect set up for cool roofs and eco friendly roofing application.  

Since a rooftop is the main source for absorbing heat that  enters the building, in warmer climates, a cool roof or eco friendly roofing can significantly lower the heat gain and energy expenses.  For low-sloped roofs, cool, eco friendly roofing techniques on these types of structures, the following  generally fit the requirements for eco friendly roofing options: 

  • Coated Roofing is a paint-like finish that brushed or rolled on a roof that enhances the roof’s adhesion and durability, extending its lifespan and reducing bacterial growth.  This type of cool coatings is ideal for existing structures with low-sloped roofs and can be added to a surface with an asphalt cap, gravel, metal, and  any single-ply material.  Available in other colors and is ENERGY STAR-rated.
  • Foam Roofing is as the name suggest, a foam type material sprayed on top of an existing roof for insulation. This has been on the market for more than 40 years and has a reputation for being affordable, dependable, and long-lasting cool roofing technique.  Because the foam attaches seamlessly with little to no waste, it is one of the most eco-friendly eco friendly roofing materials. 
  • Built-Up Roofing System is a multiple layer roof with various materials and minerals that stop solar heating when put together. The layers included is the base sheet, fabric reinforcement, and a protective surface layer.  Cooling strategies will vary from building to building with a built-up roof.  One method has a reflective material embedded into an asphalt coating that reflect the UV rays. Or the built-up roof is topped with mineral-surfaced sheets that consist of reflective mineral granules.
  • Modified Bitumen is an asphalt-based roofing system that is designed for cold or warm weather and has more elasticity.  
  • Single-Ply Membranes is eco friendly roofing for low-sloped roofs that typically need more maintenance and repairs.  Made from prefabricated sheets individually applied to the roofing surface.
metal roofing with venting

What is the most energy efficient roof color?

We are told to wear light-colored clothing to keep our bodies cool on a hot summer day. The same is true with a roof – the lighter the color, the better it will reflect the heat and UV rays. So, going with a white colored roof coating will keep your commercial, industrial, or institutional building cooler than a black coating.  A light colored roof can lower the temperature inside the building by up to fifty degrees.

In areas where cold weather is more prevalent, a dark colored roofing would be more energy efficient. The dark color absorbs the sun’s heat and UV rays and keeps the heat in the building. Both ways, choosing the right color for your building will save on your energy bills and ease the workload of the heating and cooling system. This is one method of eco friendly roofing that can help reduce the carbon footprint.   

What color roof reflects the most heat?

As we mentioned above, lighter colors are cooler for roofs just it is for clothing. Think of the roof coating being a hat on the building. Keep a light color hat will keep the building cooler, a plus in warm areas of the country. By choosing a color that reflects heat in hotter areas of the country and absorbs heat in cooler areas, this is a form of eco friendly roofing. 

How can I make my roof more energy efficient?

As the world is going to a greener way of living, here are some tips to having the best eco friendly for your commercial structure: 

Materials That Are Energy Efficient 

When it is time to replace your commercial structure’s roofing, choose a material that is energy efficient. Like eco friendly metal roofing. These come with fantastic insulation and will keep your business cool inside by reflecting the sun and the heat that comes with those UV rays. Any type of roofing you choose, make sure to get a light color for reflectiveness. 

  • Roof Coatings 
    • The best cost effective eco friendly roofing is having a cool roofing coating installed. A roof can reach 150 degrees in the summer and most of that heat radiates into your building. A professional installed cool roof coating will keep your roof from overheating and reflect the hot sun.
  • Roof Vents
    • Have the roof checked for proper ventilation. Improper roof ventilation can cause problems, starting with  moisture build-up. Proper ventilation will prolong the roof’s lifespan and keep cool air in when needed, cold air out when needed. Proper ventilation will also ease the workload on your HVAC system, which will help your energy costs. 
  • Sustainability 
    • Sustainable roofing materials ensure a long life for your roof, save you money on your energy bills, and help the environment too. This is truly the best eco friendly roofing you can have – a sustainable roof – choosing materials that are made from recycled materials or can be recycled after they have served their roofing purpose. The best materials for this are concrete, metal, or tile. 
  • Install Skylights
    • Skylights are just for residential structures They can reduce energy in a nonconventional way for a commercial structure by promoting energy efficiency because less electric lighting is needed. 
installing single ply roofing

Final Words On Commercial Eco Friendly Roofing

We mentioned metal roofing as being one of the best sustainable roofing materials, but not everyone agrees. What are the problems with metal roofs? Here are four issues that have been reported with metal roofing, all of which have easy prevention or solutions: 

Leaks: Metal roofs have a reputation of leaking, and like any roof, it can  if not installed and maintained properly. Ignoring small issues instead of repairing them will lead to leaks. This can happen where the sheets meet and aren’t fastened together properly. 

Oil Canning: Also referred to as stress wrinkling. This can be avoided with proper installation. 

Corrosion: Metal roofing will last sixty years or longer when maintained. Make sure the metal roofing panels you choose are coated and corrosion won’t be an issue. Metal roofing may be the oldest method of eco friendly roofing! 

How Many Years Does a Slate Roof Last?

slate roof

How Many Years Does a Slate Roof Last?

Slate roofing is a very reliable and high-quality style of roofing that many homeowners admire. Yet the question remains: exactly how many years does a slate roof last? According to a leading authority on slate roofs, hard slate is reputed to last anywhere from seventy-five to two-hundred years. Alternatively, soft slate will only last fifty to one-hundred and twenty-five years. Either way, the chances are that once a homeowner chooses to install a slate roof on their home, it will not need to be replaced again during their lifetime. This fact alone makes slate roofs very interesting for many homeowners. Additionally, slate roofs are considered luxury materials, which makes them highly sought after.

Are Slate Roofs Good?

There are many reasons why slate roofs are considered to have a wealth of benefits. One of these reasons is due to the fact that slate tiles are completely fireproof. In an environment where wildfires are common, slate roofs possess a unique advantage. Slate roofs also display great weather resistance, which means they perform well in the wake of high-speed winds and heavy rain. Slate roofs can also perform well under the weight of heavy snow. For these reasons and more, homeowners and property developers alike choose slate roofs for their roofing purposes.

Is it Safe to Walk on a Slate Roof?

Even though slate roofs exhibit lasting durability, it is important to exercise caution when it comes to walking on a slate roof. Over time, slate roofs have the propensity to deteriorate. In such instances, slate roofs become crumbly. When slate roofs are in such a condition, it is important to refrain from walking on them. In all circumstances, it is best to contact a reputable and insured roofing company to provide a thorough inspection. A professional roofing contractor will possess insurance that will cover any potential accidents that come from walking on the roof.

Do Slate Roofs Leak?

Though, as mentioned previously, slate roofs exhibit admirable durability and roof longevity, when roof leaks occur, it is due to missing tiles or flashing that is improperly sealed or that has deteriorated. That is why it is urgent for homeowners with slate roofs to schedule annual roof inspections. Replacing flashing is part of a good roofing contractor’s job, and it is less expensive than replacing part of a roof. If there are multiple roof failures, a roofing contractor may suggest a total roof replacement. In such circumstances, it is wise to ask for additional documentation and to get the insurance company involved.

Does Slate Break Easily?

It’s important to consider where slate comes from and what it’s composition is, which it comes to the question of whether slate breaks easily. From the quarry, slate can be broken into roughly the size that is desired. As a roofing material, it’s very strong and impenetrable, but for the manufacturers, it is pliant and workable roofing material. Though individual slate roofing materials sometimes crack, an entire roof that is made from slate won’t need to be replaced for fifty years or more.

Why Slate Roof

Are you vacillating between an asphalt shingle roof and a slate roof? While the price difference is substantial, if there is money in the budget, a slate roof is certainly worth consideration. Slate roofs have the ability to be naturally fire and mold resistant. This is a huge boon to homeowners if weather circumstances are either humid or prone to fire. This makes slate roofs quite versatile in addition to durable.

Which Roof Slate

Are you wondering which type of slate to purchase for your roof replacement? There are two main types of slate. These types are hard slate and soft slate. Hard slate roofs are more durable than soft slate roofs. Hard slate roofs are considered among the most durable roofing material available to property owners.

How Slate Roof Tiles are Made

Are you wondering how slate roof tiles are made? If so, you are in luck. Please feel free to review the following bullet-pointed list to discover more about this interesting variety of roofing material.

  • The slate is split or sawn.
  • The slate is gauged. This means that the slate is shaped into an even thickness.
  • The slate is honed. This means that the slate tiles are honed to various finishes and sometimes even flamed.
  • When slate is “flamed”, the slate is torched with a gas flame and then bombarded with freezing water. The result is a stylish, slightly textured finish that removes all traces of saw blades and irregularities.
slate roof

When to Replace Slate Roof

If your slate roof has been meticulously maintained, it is important for you to consider that it will be a long time until you need a new slate roof replacement. The best way to ascertain the current condition of your slate roof is to hire a professional roofing company to conduct a thorough roof inspection.

If you need a recommendation for your slate roof in Knoxville and Chattanooga, TN, we are here to help. Please give our professional roofing company a call at 865-238-2628.

Is a TPO roof good?

applying TPO

Flat roofing for your property

If you aren’t that well versed in TPO roofing, you may not know what tpo roofing material is precisely, so we’ll start this article off with tpo roofing explained, then answer some questions. Once you have read this piece, including tpo roofing benefits, you’ll have a better understanding of why it is approximately 40% of roofing market share.

TPO is the acronym for Thermoplastic Polyolefin, a single-ply roofing membrane. TPO roofing material is gaining popularity in the world of commercial roofing systems for several reasons. Starting with a single layer of synthetics, it is reinforced scrim, creating a membrane manufactured in lengths of 10 feet, 12, feet, and 20 feet wide sheets. The sheets are then rolled up and delivered to the job site.

TPO roofing has shown to be one of the best materials for roofing flat roofs, typically commercial structures, because of its naturally reflective surface that reflects UV rays. This reflectiveness helps in cutting down on the energy costs for cooling a commercial structure.

Is TPO better than EPDM?

Commercial roofing is unlike residential roofing in the fact that commercial roofing is typically flat roofing that covers larger areas than residential roofing. A flat roof doesn’t do well as a shingled because of water drainage. Therefore, they are either an EPDM (ethylene propylene diene monomer) or a TPO (thermoplastic polyolefin) roof system. 

For 50 years or longer, the leader for commercial structure roofing has been EPDM roofing systems, but with TPO roofing on the scene now, it has gained popularity industry-wide. Why has TPO roofing gained this much attention? Because of the advantages and benefits, it offers:

  • Energy Efficiency: TPO roofing reflects the sun’s UV rays, easing the workload on the air conditioning. In areas of the country where summers are brutal, the dark surface of EPDM roofing absorbs the UV rays and heat, and the air conditioner has to work harder and longer.
  • Puncture and Tear Resistant: TPO roofing has three times higher puncture resistance than EPDM, meaningless leaks when it rains.
  • Less Expensive Installation: business owners choose TPO roofing because of the low cost to install. There are fewer seams, making the install job quicker, meaning it requires less labor.
  • Durable: TPO roofing has a permanent resistance against algae, bacteria, chemicals, debris, and dirt.

How thick is TPO roofing?

The TPO roofing membranes that are on the market today are “mid-reinforced,” making it a thicker layer that provides greater puncture resistance and strength. Most TPO membrane products are produced in 45-mil and 60-mil thicknesses, and some manufacturers offer 72-mil and 80-mil widths based on where the reinforcement is placed within membranes’ cross-sections.

The placement of reinforcement is the dimension or “thickness over scrim” and identifies the quantity of membrane material beyond the reinforcement that is subjected to weathering, providing waterproof integrity.

  • A 45-mil thick TPO membrane is equal to a scrim range between 15 mils to 19 mils.
  • A 60-mil-thick TPO membrane s is equal to a scrim range between 21 mils to 27 mils.
  • A 72-mil-thick TPO membrane is equal to a scrim range between 26 mils to 30 mils.
  • An 80-mil-thick TPO membrane is equal to a scrim range between 30 mils to 38 mils.

What is the life expectancy of a TPO roof?

With the changes made in TPO compounds in recent years, there isn’t any data to tell us the life expectancy of TPO roofing. In general, life expectancy right now stands between 10 years and as long as 20 years when maintained properly, having repairs done as needed, and keeping the top layer of laminating clean.

dirty tpo roof

How do you clean a TPO roof?

TPO roofing is easy to care for and clean with this process: After taking steps to protect base flashings, low curbs, plants, shrubbery, and points where water can enter, rinse debris and dirt off with a low-pressure setting on the power washer. Then using a long-handled broom or brush with soft-bristles and a mild, non-abrasive cleaning solution, clean the roof surface with care. Then rinse with the power washer with the same low-pressure setting.

How do I know if I have EPDM or TPO? EPDM roofing will be visible by its natural color of black. TPO roofing is generally white and reflective. When choosing, which is best, tpo roofing vs. pvc if those are the two roofing materials in consideration?

While TPO, ethylene-propylene rubber, and polypropylene with superior weathering and better resistance in breaking and tearing compared to PVC, which is made with ethylene and chlorine.  PVC roofing characteristics include it is more flexible, making it a favorite of roofing contractors.  PVC and TPO are both weldable materials.  PVC has been around since the 1990s, while TPO is the new product on the market.

With your recent purchase of a commercial property, if the roofing material decision isn’t one that you’re clear about making, find a roofing contractor that you can trust.  They can provide you the information on each product with the pros and cons that will help you make the right choice. Call 865-238-2628 today for your TPO roofing needs in Knoxville and Chattanooga, TN.

Is Slate a Good Roofing Material?

slate roof

What is a Slate Roof Tile?

For its beautiful style and durable capability, many homeowners love slate tile roofing for their homes. Being made of rocks that were formed through intense heat and pressure are known for the capability they bring to the roofs they are installed. Also known as the hundred year old roof, slate tile roofing brings fire resistance and water resistance to the roof as well. As a truly natural roof, the materials that go into the final product are entirely unique and from a quarry they were formed. With the final result adding a highly appraised amount of curbside appeal, slate tile roofing can also resist weather like:

  • Rain
  • Wind
  • Snow

With roof replacement being proven to add value to your home’s resale value, it has the capacity to add value to your home. With the significant percentage of value you can stand to gain and with the resistance slate roofing naturally provides, you can enjoy a superior process when improving or selling your home. Furthermore, particularly with a replacement or new roof installation, slat roofing has been known to save customers on repair costs due to their naturally resistant nature and long lasting appeal. So if you want to learn more about getting yourself a slate roof or the benefits you could stand to gain from one, call 865-238-2628 today.

How do you Maintain a Slate Roof?

All residential roof options on the market require maintenance over time by roofers to get their full potential. This is generally due to natural occurrences in the weather, such as storms and the winds moving debris or bringing with them hail. This includes slate tile roofing too, though it tends to be on a much lesser scale than other roofs. Being one of the oldest types of roofs used, the nickname hundred year roof is by no means one that is given without a reason. Slate roofs can last between one hundred to two hundred years in the right environment and care. Such examples of care include:

  • Preventing standing water on your roof
  • Keeping debris from sitting on the roof
  • Regular roof inspections
  • When damaged, repairs made promptly 

Residential roofing providers, like our team at Burell Built Exteriors, are capable of applying all of these services and more. In most environments, whether in naturally sweltering or frigid areas, slate roofs do particularly well. Further than that, skilled roofers can easily apply repairs if there is ever damages present after events of hard weather or accidental actions. Similar to tile roofing, slate offers to both be easy to maintain and also a solid roof to defend any home it’s installed to.

Which is Better Slate or Tile Roof?

When the average person looks up at either slate or tile, there would not be a difference. However, there are actually drastic differences between the two that apply significantly to both homeowners and roofers that apply them. Roof tiles or a tile roof are is made generally out of clay or similar manufactured materials. Comparably to slate tile roofing, are actually less effective in ways such as:

  • While both are meant to last, slate can last significantly longer
  • Slate is more resistant to weather than tile by a marginal degree
  • In terms of impact, slate can take more especially when considering hail

An unfortunate problem that occurs more often in tile than slate is the occurrence of leaks in the roof. While both are considered water resistant, disturbed tiles and slates can have the tendency to leak. However, older slate roofs and those that are efficiently put on presently are not susceptible to leaks thanks to how they are installed. Whether they have underlayment or not, modern slate roofs are known to be one of the best roofs to when it comes to rain and snow. Tile roofs are thereby less effective when compared to slate.

slate roof repair

Can you Seal a Slate Roof?

While still a heavily effective type of roof, slate tile roofs do not respond as well to many of the advancements in roofing Techniques. Sealing for example is not recommended for the traditional style roof due largely to that the natural weight of the stone slates effectively do the job themselves. Furthermore, when a slate roof has been sealed, glued, or coated it makes it more difficult to repair. This is for more than one reason with that slate repair often relies on simply removing a singular slate, especially when it comes to if there is ever a leak from a damaged slate. Sealing and coating have a tendency to stick the stone slates together. This forces a process that means removing one to be a process that removes several. 

Walking on slate roofs should be handled with care, unlike tile roofs, you can walk on a slate roof. However, especially with older slate roofs, it is a hollow space you should be aware of. Particularly in the sense that the installation process does not as much trust nails, adhesive, or other means as much as it relies on placement. So you need maintenance on your slate roof or want to get one, call 865-238-2628 to schedule your appointment.

Can Roofs Be Repaired?

Roof repair

How Much Should a Roof Repair Cost?

Generally speaking, most homeowners spend between three hundred dollars and one thousand one-hundred dollars for a roof repair. Numerically, these costs range between $300 and $1,100. On average, it costs about $650 to fix a roofing related problem. If your local, qualified roofer recommends repairs in excess of $3,000, it might be important to consider a roof replacement instead. The average cost to replace a roof in 2019 for a moderately-sized room is over $7,500.

Can Roof Be Repaired?

Roof repair is a very common service that roofing companies provide. When roofs don’t need to be replaced any time soon, repairs can be extremely beneficial. When storms roll through the neighborhood, for example, shingles may get pulled off the roof due to extreme winds. In such instances, an insured roofer from a roofing company will patch the damaged areas of the roof. Torn or deteriorated shingles can be removed and new ones attached in their stead.

Can I Claim for a Leaking Roof On Insurance?

There are instances where homeowners’ insurance can cover a roof leak. However, the instance depends upon whether or not the root cause is a covered peril. In many instances, a homeowner’s insurance policy will help to repair the roof leak unless the policy has a hail or wind exclusion.

Who Do You Call to Fix a Leaky Roof?

If you have a leaking roof, it is imperative that you call a reliable, insured roofing company. It is of particular importance that the roofing company that homeowners select has excellent credentials and a long list of successful roof repairs and replacements. Roofs require expertise, which is why it’s important to use a roofing company versus a handyman. Roofing companies are also insured, which means that if anything goes wrong, financial coverage is available.

How Do You Temporarily Fix a Leaky Roof?

If you need to temporarily repair your leaky roof, the best thing for you to do is to drape a tarp over the affected area and call a reputable roofing company. According to a simple internet search, there are alternative methods that other homeowners have taken. For instance, you can make a temporary patch with roofing tar and a piece of shingle or plywood. With the proper tools and materials, you can trowel the roofing tar into the leak on the underside of the roof deck using a putty knife. The homeowner can then push the shingle or plywood into the tar and trowel additional roofing tar around the edges of the patch. As always, it is important to exercise caution and seek a professional roofing contractor for any roofing problems.

Can You Repair Roof Trusses

If your roof trusses are in need of repair, it is important for you to understand the process. Please review the following list of steps to find out more.

  • Carefully look over the roof truss. Make notes concerning what needs to be altered.
  • Measure the size of the roof truss. There are many different sizes of roof trusses, which is why it’s important to determine the exact size.
  • In order to replace the roof truss, you will need to find additional roofing materials to replace existing, flawed ones. To this end, cut two pieces of lumber four feet long. These pieces of lumber will serve as patches. They will be installed on each side of the broken roof truss. 
  • Attach the truss patches. Place the 4-foot board against the flat side of the broken truss. Wood screws can be used for this process.
  • Next, apply the second patch to the other flat side of the truss and alined with the first patch. Once again, use wood screws. With the repairs, the roof truss will regain integrity.

Is Roof Repair Covered by Insurance

As previously mentioned, homeowners’ insurance can cover a roof leak if the leak was caused by a peril that is covered in the homeowner’s insurance policy. Unless the policy has a clearly stated hail or wind exclusion, it will cover storm insurance. It is important to understand that any roof leaks that have been caused by lack of maintenance or wear and tear will generally not be covered by insurance.

Roof Repair for RV

In order to get a quality roof repair job for your RV, it’s important to consider which roofing companies administer roof repairs for recreational vehicles. If possible, ask a friend or associate for a referral. An internet search usually yields excellent results. A list of roofing companies in your area will pop up on your screen. Please make sure to select a roofing company that is insured and has credentials.

roof repair

Roof Repair and Gutter Cleaning

Roofing companies don’t always assist with gutter repairs or gutter cleaning. Homeowners are advised to do their research. Nonetheless, if you do notice that your gutters are clogged, and you need roof repairs, it is advisable for you to move forward with those projects.

If you think you need roof repair in Knoxville and Chattanooga, TN, call Burell Built Exteriors, LLC at 865-238-2628 to speak with our staff about making an appointment today!

What to do if the roof is leaking during a storm?

Roof leak coming through ceiling

Emergency roofing services

If you’ve ever needed it, you probably found out quickly that emergency roof repair services rarely happen right then, at the very moment. With that in mind, every homeowner would benefit by having an emergency roof repair kit on hand so you can do a temporary emergency roof repair yourself until professional help arrives!

Because professional 24-hour emergency roof repair isn’t immediately at your beck and call, knowing how to do emergency roof repair DIY could be the difference between salvaging things and losing everything.

Is a leaking roof an emergency?

No matter when a roof leak happens, it is a problem, but during a rainstorm, it quickly turns into an emergency. Which is when a roof leak will usually appear, unfortunately, which is why roofing contractors are their busiest, and why having the knowledge and supplies to do a temporary emergency roof repair yourself.

How do you temporarily fix a leaky roof?

By the time you a leak in your house, the drywall is probably saturated and if it isn’t addressed quickly, the ceiling and wall could start crumbling. First things first, call an emergency roofing service, as we discussed earlier, they probably won’t be “right there, ”, so getting your call in first gets that wheel turning.

The next thing you need to is to stop the dripping with an emergency repair. Not sure how to do that?  Follow the following steps and you’ll have a temporary patch until a professional roofing contractor arrives.

Emergency Roof Patch

  1. Start this emergency roof repair by climbing up in the attic and remove the insulation from the wet area of the ceiling drywall and dry up any water puddled or standing. Place a piece of plywood over the joists and sit a bucket on it. This will catch any water that still comes through the hole. Do not place the bucket directly on the ceiling drywall because as it fills up with water, the weight may push it all the way through to the room below.
  2. Look for where the leak is, usually, you can follow the water running or trickling along the rafters or you may notice it on the underside of the decking.
  3. Using a sheet of plywood and roofing tar, you’ll make a temporary patch. Using a trowel, smear the roofing tar on the underside of the decking over the leak and then smooth it with a putty knife.  Fit the plywood on to the tar and trowel roofing tar on the edges of the plywood patch.
  4. Measure from the leak to the gable and from the leak to the ridge. After the rain has stopped, go up on the roof, wearing rubber-soled shoes, and measure those same dimensions. Using roofing tar, spread on the underside of the shingles to fortify them and stop the leak.

What If You Don’t Have Attic Access?

  1. If you don’t have access to the attic, an emergency roof repair can be done by starting with the construction of a plastic roof cover with a four-foot roll of six-mil polyethylene plastic.
  2. Unroll it plastic without unfolding it and measure the amount it takes to cover the roof section from eave to ridge plus four additional feet, then using a utility knife to cut the plastic. Now open one-fold and create an eight-foot strip.
  3. Taking 2x4x8 and taking one end of the plastic wrap around the 2×4 and staple it. Nail another 2x4x8 to the first so that the plastic is sandwiched between them.
  4. Take this up to the roof and position the wood at the eaves, stretching the plastic over the guessed are of the leak and over the ridge, stapling the plastic’s other end to a third 2x4x8 and create another sandwich with plastic between a fourth 2x4x8. Place 2 boards measuring 2x4x3 so they hang over the ridge on the opposite side.

Can a leaking roof collapse?

Yes, if a roof has aged and not been repaired or replaced, it can be in danger of collapsing, especially if it has gotten wet.  Signs to watch for possible collapsing:

  • Walls have cracks
  • Cracked or sagging ceiling
  • Leaks from the ceiling inside the house
  • Roof creaks and pops
  • Doors & windows won’t open
  • Doors open alone
  • Sagging roof
  • Bent or rippled roof supports
  • Bent and/or missing framing screws
  • Deformed roof structure
  • Exterior masonry cracks

Does a leaky roof cause mold?

Yes, and not just one type of mold, but two: Limited or Systemic.

Limited growth mold happens when ventilation is enough in the attic so that moisture can exhaust. The mold stays in the leak area. Systemic growth happens when moisture can build up because the roof leak is large or long term. The mold will grow through the entire attic.

warping shingles

Is a leaking roof covered by insurance?

This varies from policy to policy, but in case of natural disaster, yes, homeowner’s insurance will cover emergency roof repair or replacement in most cases. If the adjuster determines it causes the leak because of owner neglect, such as not having the roof cleaned and inspected, not making repairs as needed. As a prepared and responsible homeowner, having an emergency roof repair kit and supplies on hand is just as important as changing the air filter, draining the water heater, and other small tasks. Small tasks that can keep small problems from turning into a major catastrophe. If you have a leaking roof in Knoxville and Chattanooga, TN, Burell Built Exteriors, LLC can help! Call us today at 865-238-2628!

How effective is roof insulation?

roof insulation

What is roofing insulation? 

The purpose of the roof of your home is to protect you and your belongings from the climate and elements. However, it doesn’t do a thorough job of keeping cool or warm air inside your house. It needs roof insulation to ensure that the cool or warm air doesn’t escape through the rooftop. 

Roof insulation is a secondary barrier to ceiling, attic, and walls. Roof insulation comes in R-Value ratings, which is an industry-standard in measuring the insulating capacity. Home in northern areas that have a cold climate, the higher the R-Value the better insulation. 

Does roof insulation make a difference?

For most homeowners, cooling and heating their home accounts for almost half of their energy expenses, which leads most of us to seek a way to lower those costs. One way to reduce that expense is by adding roof insulation to your home. 

We learn in elementary science that heat rises. During the winter, you lose most of your heat through the attic. During the summer, as much as 20% of our air conditioning is going through the attic. Roof insulation can increase the efficiency of your home by keeping the cool air and warm air where they should be – in the main part of the house, keeping everyone comfortable. 

So, what type of roof insulation is best? The best roof insulation material is rigid foam boards or and spray foam insulation. They commonly apply spray foam between attic rafters and act as roof insulation and waterproofing by providing not only high R-value insulation, but a moisture barrier too. 

The rigid foam insulation comes in various thicknesses in panels or sheets and is roof insulation with plywood, installed between the rafters of the attic, directly under the attic rafters, or both. It also provides not just roof insulation, but a moisture barrier, too, and is high R-value rated. 

What is the best insulation for roofs?

There are two key types of roof insulation product:

  • Bulk – Largely affects transfer heat flow between touching objects
  • Reflective foil – Mainly affects the radiation of the heat flow.

Bulk roof insulation is the best because it traps the still air pockets within its structure, which provides resistance to heat flow, creating an insulating effect. Bulk roof insulation should not be compressed, which reduces the number of air pockets and lose insulating properties. Bulk roof insulation is available: 

  • Blanket or Batts – best for flat ceilings and pitched metal roofing or tile roofing.
  • Board Insulation – best for cathedral ceilings where space is limited between the ceiling and roof.
  • Loose-Fill Insulation – used in ceilings but because it loses its effectiveness over time faster, it is not the best roof insulation to use.

Should you insulate roof rafters?

An attic needs to be ventilated in order to prevent ice dams when the weather is wet and below freezing. By applying roof insulation between the rafters, the heat can’t get to those areas where ice dams form. If you feel that you need to apply roof insulation between the rafters, experts recommend using Icynene. This is expensive but an effective roof insulation and the ROI will take decades. 

The U.S. Department of Energy recommends a home to have roof insulation and wall insulation to get optimum energy efficiency. Areas recommended are the attic, the attic access door, including the joist space, exterior walls, and unheated garages, especially if the water heater is in the garage or on an exterior wall.

spray foam insulation

How long does roof insulation last?

Most homeowners that purchase a previous-owned property are not aware of how old the roof insulation is and will often estimate its value. If a home has spray foam roof insulation combined with house wrap insulation and wraps tape, have an average lifespan of 80 years or longer according to the International Association of Certified Home Inspectors. Other types of roof insulation like cellulose, foam board, loose-fill, loose-fill & rock wool insulation last a hundred years.

Roof insulation is durable, and the materials used today are resistant to humidity and weather. However, there are some factors that can weaken roof insulation, such as water, aka roof leak. Another factor that can affect roof insulation is punctures. The whole length of roof insulation becomes ineffective when any part of it is punctured.

Cellulose, fiberglass, or any batt roof insulation can come off the attic ceiling and crawl space around its 15th year of installation. The empty spots left are prone to mold growth and become dirty and dusty, making it less effective.

Roof insulation has several benefits for your home and your family.  Among them are:

  • Increases your home’s comfort and living environment.
  • Increases outside sounds.
  • Increases your home’s energy efficiency by keeping your home cool in the summer and warm in the winter, requiring less use of appliances such as air conditioners and heaters.
  • Reduces your home’s environmental footprint and impact.

With these four things in mind, choose the best installation your budget can afford, keeping in mind that it may cost you now, but the savings over the long run will be many, for you and the environment. Call 865-238-2628 today for your roof insulation needs in Knoxville and Chattanooga, TN.

Is a metal roof better than shingles?

Metal roofing

Metal Roofing For Quality Protection

Whether it is brand new construction or an existing home, choosing a metal roof or shingles metal roof or shingles of a traditional style can make a difference in the overall appearance. The style of your home will impact the roofing material you choose. The area where you live may have input on the style of roof you choose, such as neighborhoods that are managed by an HOA. In some cities, there may be code restrictions regarding metal roofing.  

The Durability, Longevity, and Other Metal Roofing Facts

  • A common question among those considering metal roofing is how long does a metal roof last? The immediate answer to this question is 50 years, but that depends on the metal. An aluminum or steel roof has lasted 50 years, even longer. Copper and zinc metal roofing have lasted over 100 years on many structures. Regardless of which type of metal you choose for your roofing, they all will last three to seven times more than the average asphalt shingle roof. 
  • Another common question that homeowners will ask roofing contractors is “Do metal roofs dent easily?” As popular as metal roofing is, this is one drawback: It dents. But not easily!  It takes a significant weight, such as a large tree limb or hailstone to dent a properly installed metal roof. Some types of metal dent easier than others, such as aluminum or copper, and other types of metal are stronger, like steel. 
  • The third most common question about metal roofing is “Do Metal Roofs leak?”. To answer this, and reinforce the answers to the other two questions, we must state the importance of metal roof with decking and metal roof without decking.

The roof deck is the layer between the joists and trusses, which are the structural components, the layers of insulation, and weatherproofing. For residential structures, plywood is the most common material used for roof decking. It dispenses the weight of the roofing material evenly over the house and provides a level of support with the joists and trusses.

This roof decking supports the roof and provides a layer of protection for you and your home. When answering the question about leaking, metal roofing can leak if not installed correctly, and if you skip regular maintenance, such as checking that the screws are still in place. The roof decking provides another line of protection against leaks. A metal roof with gutters is just as important as an asphalt shingle roof with gutters to help prevent leaking and other damage. 

Sheet metal

Additional Benefits of Metal Roofing

While it isn’t something that you would do on a regular basis, many people will request for a metal roof you can walk on. This can come up if there is a need to clean the roof or windows, or If you need to make repairs, such as making sure the screws are in place.

Where there is metal roofing, the first word of caution is if you do not have experience in walking at heights, then don’t. Call an experienced professional to do whatever it is to be done. One example would be clogged plumbing that may require cleaning the rooftop vent or repair to your chimney or HVAC system. However, if you do need to walk on your metal roofing, three things you need to make sure of:

  • Wear soft-soled shoes
  • Do not drop heavy tools
  • Walk only in the right spots

There are several benefits to having metal roofing. The first being, the curb appeal is enhanced. When it comes to questions like “Do metal roofs keep your house cooler?”, the answer is yes. Because metal roofing has a low thermal mass, it reflects heat and light instead of absorbing it. When a specialized coating is applied over metal roofing, any heat will re-emitted, keeping the attic cooler, and that keeps your house cooler. 

Last, but not least, the question of metal roof that is common is “Does a metal roof lower your insurance?”. Some of this will depend upon the age and type of structure the metal roofing is installed upon. Roof replacement is expensive, and nobody knows this better than insurance companies.  

Because asphalt shingle roofing is more susceptible to leaking, and if your home is in a storm intense area, such as Tornado Alley, your insurance company is likely to reward you with lower rates when choosing metal roofing materials. Research has proven that homes with metal roofing are not only better equipped in storms but also in case of fire. These are things that minimize insurance claims.

While the initial cost of metal roofing is substantially more than asphalt roofing, the durability and longevity of metal roofing is longer. Along with the insurance savings, it will give you a higher ROI over the years.   Dial 865-238-2628 today to learn if metal roofing in Knoxville and Chattanooga, TN is right for you!